In general, the Russian Empire understood the importance of the Kazakh steppe from the very beginning. In this regard, King Peter 1 said: “Although the Kyrgyz-Kaisak horde is a steppe and frivolous people, tokma all Asian countries and lands onaya horde – the key and the gate”
Yes, in fact, in order to move to other Asian countries, it was possible to pass through the Kazakh lands, so first the Kazakhs had to be conquered either by force of arms or by trade.
Russia has a long-standing tradition of building fortifications against the neighboring Turkic peoples, often relying on the Cossacks.
For example, in 1550 he built a line of defense called “Zasechnaya cherta” to protect the steppes. In 1580-1590 the following bases-cities were built along this line: Voronezh, Yelets, Livny, Oskol, Yelets, Valuyki and others. After the construction of these fortifications, the Tsarist government began to move its troops farther south along the Oka River, concentrating around the cities of Mtsensk, Orel and Novosel. Next, they approached the steppe settlements near Chuguev, and then began to build the next line in the same order.
The same method was used in the Kazakh steppes, first from the Urals to Siberia, gradually building another line.
Hundreds of troops and specialists from Russia were brought to the Ui River to test the Troitsk region (Kazakh name “Munanai”, the place of the Karabalyk tribe of the Kazakh Kipchak tribe in the Middle Ages), which was a crossroads between the Kazakh and Bashkir peoples. They attacked the villages and forced them to move to the south, to the lands of present-day Kostanay and Turgai.