How will the new school year be?
Today Kazakhstan and a number of countries around the world celebrate the Day of Knowledge. Many changes have been made this school year due to coronavirus infection. In this regard, we offer an overview of the learning process in the new school year.
September 1 – Knowledge Day
An online meeting dedicated to the beginning of the new school year will be held in schools today. Children do not come to school, they participate in the online lineup through the available devices and means of communication. According to the Ministry of Education and Science, 3.3 million students will go to school this year. 380 thousand of them will be admitted to the first grade. At the same time, 80% of students or 2.6 million children receive distance education. 15% of primary school students or parents of 530 thousand children applied for duty. The remaining 5% of children will study in a small format in the traditional format. Their number is 202 thousand children.
There are two main areas of distance learning for children. The first direction is online learning. Online learning is conducted on 8 Internet platforms. Depending on the convenience and capabilities of these platforms, schools, city and district education departments make decisions, sign contracts and work with that platform. Duration of lessons for children with distance learning – no more than 30 minutes. Leading mobile operators in Kazakhstan have developed the “Education” tariff. It costs 990 tenge. This tariff does not use megabytes for Kundelik.kz. During this tariff plan, students and teachers can talk to each other for free. In addition, domestic educational resources can be used free of charge. In the new academic year, 600 online educational platforms will be available for free. That is, if you open any of these 600 sites, your tariff plan on your SIM card will not be spent. In the fourth quarter of last academic year, operators provided 380 free Internet resources. In the second direction, children study on TV channels. El Arna and Balapan TV channels broadcast up to 9 hours a day. From September 1, Monday-Friday from 09:00 to 18:00 video lessons on subjects of grades 1-11 will be broadcast in the Kazakh language on the TV channel “Balapan”. The Balapan TV channel is available through the Otau TV satellite operator, the Alma TV cable operator, and the ID TV digital TV service. channel. It is possible to download the mobile application for Android and iOS platforms free of charge through the App Store and Play Market services.
Despite the difficult situation, primary school students can study on duty at the request of their parents. In grades 1-4, about 60% of students receive education in the traditional mode. This year, parents decide whether to send their children in school uniforms or other comfortable clothing. There is a requirement to be sent to work in the classroom on duty. Pregnant teachers and teachers over the age of 65 with chronic diseases are not allowed to work in this format. That is, such teachers can not work in the classroom on duty. In addition, teachers can work offline or online at will. There are several strict requirements for the traditional format of education in the classroom on duty. First, the break is at different times. The beginning of the lesson is also held at different times. Second, in September, classes are limited to 40 minutes. Sanitary requirements must be strictly observed in the classrooms on duty. Children study in one room only. As usual, you can not move from one office to another. Thermometry is performed daily. Appropriate requirements for washing and ventilation are applied. The same requirements are set for traditional education in small schools. In addition, if there were 25-30 children in one class, it was decided to divide them into groups of no more than 15 children. For example, there are 30 students in a class. In today’s situation, when teaching in the class on duty, they are obliged to divide this class into two small groups of 15 children. Due to this, the workload of the teacher increases. However, the teacher also receives additional payment for additional work. That is, if there are currently 28 hours, the teacher will be paid for all 28 hours. Also, children on duty must bring their own masks. And educational organizations provide teachers with protective equipment at the expense of the budget.
Special boarding schools
According to official statistics, 161,156 children in the country need special education. This category includes children with visual impairments and blindness (8,318 children in the country), 5,911 children with hearing impairment, 18,841 children with musculoskeletal disorders, 47,022 children with speech disorders, 50,826 children with mental retardation, 5,193 people with autism. children and 25,045 children with mental disabilities. There are 420 special education organizations in the country. There are 195 rooms for psychological and pedagogical correction, 98 special schools, 14 rehabilitation centers and 38 special preschool organizations, 75 psychological, medical and pedagogical consultations (PMPK). In the new 2020-2021 academic year, special education institutions are offered to work remotely, full-time and closed. If the country has a strict quarantine regime, special educational institutions will offer distance learning. The work of special kindergartens can be continued by the decision of the chief sanitary doctor of the region by organizing duty groups, such as general type kindergartens. Psychological, medical and pedagogical consultations, psychological and pedagogical correctional rooms and rehabilitation centers operate on a full-time basis using remote technologies. The closed regime will be introduced in special boarding schools by the decision of the chief sanitary doctor of the region. Closed mode is recommended for teaching children with intellectual disabilities, as they cannot receive remotely transmitted material. Special education organizations choose the format of training in consultation with parents.
The fall semester for undergraduate students is organized remotely and begins on September 1. On this day, all events will be held online. A week-long online event will be held for first-year students from August 24 to get acquainted with the policy of the university and the format of distance learning. Students from remote and Internet-free regions and who do not have textbooks (laptops, etc.) can stay in dormitories with computer equipment that provides online learning without going to the building. Training for students of 2-4 courses will begin on September 1. From August 20, universities will hold online meetings with their students. It is proposed to transfer the training in pedagogical, humanitarian, social and IT-directions to the full-time distance learning format. There is a combined format of study in natural sciences, engineering, agriculture, health and arts. Lectures and seminars will be held online, laboratory, practical and studio classes – on campus, but will begin in October. Students should contact higher education institutions for information on offline courses. Students from remote areas without access to the Internet and without textbooks (laptops, etc.) can live in dormitories with computer equipment that provides online learning without going to the building.
Undergraduates and doctoral students
Distance learning of undergraduates will begin on September 14. Comprehensive testing will end on August 31. Applications for grants are accepted until September 5. The results of the competition for grants are scheduled for September 7. From September 8, applications for grants from akimats will be accepted. Applications for admission to the university will be closed on September 11. Research work for 2nd year undergraduates is organized remotely. At the same time, if necessary, research work can be carried out in laboratories at the request of undergraduates. Laboratory and practical classes are conducted according to an individual schedule, observing the social distance and strict sanitary measures. To clarify this schedule, undergraduates should apply to their universities. Distance learning of doctoral students will begin on September 1. Distance learning for 1st year doctoral students is carried out. And for 2-3 year doctoral students research work is organized remotely. At the same time, if necessary, research work is organized in laboratories at the request of doctoral students. Laboratory and practical classes are conducted according to individual schedules, observing the social distance and strict sanitary measures. To clarify this schedule, doctoral students should apply to their universities. Internship and residency training is conducted in the format of full-time and distance learning.
SOURCE OF INFORMATION: KAZAKH INFORMATION