History

Death of Kenesary

“Kenesary’s last battle with Kyrgyz troops took place in the Kekli Mountains, east of the village of Tokmak, near the town of Pishpek. Kenesary troops were stationed on the mountain plateau Maitobe, 1-2 km from the river Shu. For centuries, the Kyrgyz have called Maitobe a “bloody land.”

To the north-east of Maitobe is the mountain Kekli, which the locals call “sacred hill”. To the west of this hill lies the Karakonys valley, which stretches to the river Shu. This valley is divided into two: one is called “Almaly sai”, and the adjacent valley is called “Saulman”. These valleys are rich in forests, and a river flows through them. Kenesary was captured by Kyrgyz manaps in Almaly Sai. Kenesary headquarters was located in Maitobe. Remains of a temporary fortress built by Kenesary’s supporters, a pit dug on the eastern side of the plateau and a stone mound have survived to this day.

It was known in advance that the fate of Kenesary’s battle with the Kyrgyz would end in victory for the Kyrgyz. First, the leaders of the royal detachments consulted with the manaps on the plan of military action. In his report to Major-General Vishnevsky, Zhaukul Nyukhalov wrote: I called. “

Secondly, the Kazakh sultan Rustem and Sipatai bi joined the Kenesary movement for fear of looting. The night before the battle, they fled from Kenesary troops. Madibek Bekkozhayev says: “Sipatai and Rustem separated their troops at night, crossed the Shu River and reached the Mykan River, looking for a crossing until dawn. At that moment, they were spotted by the Kyrgyz army and attacked. The enemy is behind, the impassable swamp is ahead, and in this case the Kazakhs were killed and some were captured. “

The service rendered by Sipatai and Rustem has not been forgotten. Manap Zhantai Karabekov later asked the Siberian Kyrgyz border guard to award Sultan Rustem: “Rustem Sultan and Sipatai Alibekov took the dance troops and left, and I was able to defeat Kenesary.”

Thirdly, the Kokand strongholds handed over their troops to the Forest Manap.

Realizing the hopelessness of the situation, Kenesary convened a military council and considered ways to break the siege. Nauryzbai suggested to Kenesary: ​​”Give me 200 able-bodied men from the Tama tribe, led by Kurman Batyr and Agybai Batyr, and I will attack and destroy the Kyrgyz line with these guys.” Although everyone supported this proposal, Kenesary did not agree. “If we break through, we will run away,” he said. He who is fast will be saved. And the vast majority of the population will die. If I run away as the leader of the army, I will no longer be the khan of the people. “

Kenesary offered to slaughter all the horses, leaving only 30 horses for food, and to go out on foot with a spear in hand. But no one supported his proposal. It was decided to wait until the next day, thinking that help would come. But no one came to the rescue.

Kenesary and Nauryzbai each decided to lead their detachments and break through the siege.

Kenesary and his detachment tried to break through the swampy river Karasuyk. Many people drowned while crossing the river, but the soldiers tried to save Kenesary. A participant in the uprising described the incident as follows: “Hundreds of Kenesary people drowned after being beaten by black Kyrgyz, but as they were dying, they tried to save their beloved sultan, Kenesary. Sacrificing themselves, they changed the name of the sultan to the drowning and gave their names.

Attempts to break the siege failed. Nauryzbai and his detachment were killed in a fierce battle. Kenesary was captured by manaps.

Before committing suicide, Kenesary once again expressed his opinion to the Kyrgyz manaps: let’s stop fighting and unite the forces of Kazakhs and Kyrgyz to fight together against the common enemy Kokand. However, Kyrgyz officials did not accept his offer this time either.

Before Kenesary killed himself, he sang while the crowd was gathering. In his poem he told about the whole history of the hard struggle for freedom and independence of his country, the vast steppes of Saryarka, his comrades who died in battle. The moment before Kenesary’s assassination is described as follows: The song was sung for a long time and the audience listened. The words of the song touched the heart of the listener and touched his heart. In his poem, he remembered all his life in the steppe, where he was born and grew up, in the village where he was born.

Kenesary’s death was a heavy blow to his comrades and military friends.

 

Source: Source: Е. Бекмаханов. “Kazakhstan in the 20-40s of the XIX century” 1993. Pages 334-337

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