As you know, Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world. This border stretches for 12 thousand kilometers. It is known that in August 1920 Lenin crossed this 12 thousand km border without firing a single shot at the Kazakhs. If you think that 7,000 of them border with Russia and 3,000 with China, it’s scary now.
As you know, after the reform of 1868, the Kazakh steppe was declared the property of the Russian tsar. The Kazakh people, who had previously come to Russia in a “long, wide-open” environment, came under real colonial pressure after this reform. Along with this reform, Speransky’s reform, which abolished the khanate in 1822, remained a toy. He was completely deprived of the right to own the Kazakh homeland. He was expelled from the forest, from the river lake, from the settlement of Kuykaly. The Russians settled in all the fertile lands. Just one example: before the establishment of the Soviet government, the Kazakhs of Karkaralinsk could not get a single bale of firewood from the thick forest that touched their homes. If caught, Russian Cossacks beat and beat them.
It was in this situation that the October Revolution took place and Lenin came to power in the Russian Empire.
It should be noted that in August 1920, Lenin met with Alimkhan Ermekov, a member of the Alashorda, but then chairman of the Kazakh Military Revolutionary Committee
. He had an only son, Magauiya. He lived in Karaganda until the end of his life and died in 2006. In 2004, I went to Magauia’s home and interviewed him. Any father would tell his son the truth of his life, even if he did not tell anyone else. The main purpose of my conversation with the elder was to know in detail the vividness of Alimkhan Yermekov’s conversation with Lenin.
At that time, we learned a little about this meeting through historical research. But I decided to find out about it from Aleken’s son. Elder Magauiya lives with a Russian old woman on Lenin Street near the present Polytechnic University. Magauia was 83 years old and very old, but she greeted me warmly.
First, Safarov will make a report. His report is devoted to the implementation of land reform in the Republic of Turkestan. Safarov is a heroic man, referring to the humiliation of the Semirechye Kazakhs during the 1916 uprising against the tsarist army, and concludes with a bold statement that the evil Cossack-Russians should be evacuated from the Semirechye region
. Then comes Alimkhan Ermekov. Yermekov’s topic is the problem of the northern, western and eastern regions of Kazakhstan. This was a time when these regions, especially the present-day Atyrau and West, East, North Kazakhstan and Pavlodar oblasts, were disappearing from the hands of the Kazakhs. Russian chauvinists do not consider these lands to be Kazakh lands, and the only thing left to do is to document and approve them at this meeting, which has long been part of Russia.
At this critical moment, Alimkhan Ermekov, who bears the fate of the five Kazakh regions and Alikhan’s message: Thus, when Aleken came to the podium and unloaded his report, which was based on scientific findings, the Russian parsley giant, who was already trying to beat the land of the savage Kazakhs with a hat, must have been surprised and confused at first. However, they tried to persuade Ermekov by shouting, interrupting and protesting. Alekene, who was cold and cultured by birth, turned his face to Lenin without confronting the models, and turned his speech to Lenin without hesitation.
At one point in the report, Lenin himself stopped and said, “Young man, the new comrade Safarov said that the Russians should be expelled from the Semirechye. What do you say to that?”
Alimkhan Yermekov, meanwhile, resorted to a tactical ploy that would soon become a garden for all Kazakhs: “I know more about the Semirechye than Comrade Safarov, and it would be a mistake to evacuate Russians from the northern, eastern and western regions of Kazakhstan, because these regions are populated by Russians. “If we start relocating, there will be conflicts with the local population, which will lead to hatred, which could lead to tensions, so it is better not to bring Russian peasants from the interior of Russia to the Kazakh steppes until the Kazakhs are fully settled.” At that moment, Lenin stood up as a child and said, “You see, a member of the new Central Committee, the communist Safarov himself, said, ‘Let’s expel the Russian comrades from Kazakhstan.’ The Kazakh representative, who is not in this party, asks to stop the deportation of Russians only to Kazakhstan. That’s something to think about, “he said, standing up and patting Ermekov on the back.
Lenin’s big head praised the young Asian, who was not yet in his thirties, and slapped him on the back, much to the displeasure of the Russians. Among them are those who tried to interrupt Ermekov’s speech and refute his report. Even a chauvinist named Krestinsky shouted, “This man wants to create the Dancing Corridor, stop it!” The rest of the crowd cheered and cheered. Then a shot from Lenin, saying: “This, You hoti New Dancïngskïy corridor, ten pravïlno govorït, əlgilerdi tïıp left,” Prodoljayte, Young Man … “Yermakov to the right of friendliness and bayandamasın.soñına tıñdatqızadı.
Yermekova this report On the basis of this, Lenin signed a document on the territorial integrity of the Kazakh land and the Kazakh ASSR was formed.
“If Alikhan Bokeikhanov himself had come to an agreement, Aleken Khan would have been arrogant, hot-blooded, uncivilized, so he could not have come to terms with the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin. Bokeikhanov felt it. He sent my father to negotiate.” He was able to successfully complete this task, “he said.
One of the things that caught my attention during this conversation was that Lenin had been warm to Alimkhan Yermekov since the beginning of the meeting, and had always supported and protected him. The Russian chauvinists turned their backs on the return of the Kazakh land in order to prevent it from falling into their hands. In any case, Lenin’s actions are still a mystery.
Earlier I read an article by Western scholars about Lenin. Then the researcher came to the conclusion that Lenin had the blood of many nations, and that the leader of the revolution had the blood of the Kazakhs. Probably true.