It is obvious that the year 2020 will be remembered not only in our country, but in the whole world. This year the world has undergone many changes, both good and bad. Many changes are taking place in our country as well. There is no time to be sad, we need to move forward. This year marks the 25th anniversary of the adoption of our Constitution. In any case, it is one of the most significant days for Kazakhs. Congratulations on the Constitution Day, which coincides with our independence
In independent Kazakhstan, the country’s basic law has been adopted twice. For the first time – on January 28, 1993. It consists of an introduction, 4 sections, 21 chapters and 131 articles. In a 1993 document, Kazakhstan became a parliamentary republic. However, the 1993 Constitution did not meet the requirements of the new society, as it was based on the old administrative rules. Personal rights and freedoms, and the principles of ensuring them, the forms of government, and the functioning of democratic institutions in governance were not clearly defined. Therefore, on August 30, 1995, a new Constitution was adopted on the basis of a nationwide referendum.
August 30 is Constitution Day.
On the same day, the people of Kazakhstan made a historic decision and entered a new creative era in the legal life of the country. 90.58% of voters took part in the referendum. 89.14 percent of them voted in favor of the new Constitution. The current Constitution consists of 9 chapters and 98 articles.
On the eve of the adoption of the new Constitution, long-term hard work was done. Experts, created on the initiative of the first president, carefully analyzed the Constitutions of the world.
According to official figures, more than 3 million people took part in the discussion of the document. The Constitution of Kazakhstan is one of the youngest in the world.
The Constitution, adopted in 1995, has been amended several times.
In 2007, the Constitution was amended to limit the presidential term of Nursultan Nazarbayev. According to him, “one person can not be elected president of the republic more than twice in a row. This restriction does not apply to the first president of Kazakhstan – the President.”
In February 2011, the Constitution was amended to call for and hold early presidential elections. At that time, the first president of Kazakhstan was given the status of “Leader of the Nation”.
In 2017, the first President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, announced constitutional reform. The President delegated some of his powers to the government and parliament.